Our job as your professional home inspector is to alert
you, to the extent possible, to unknown problems and potential environmental hazards in your current or potential house. Ours
is a non-invasive visual inspection of your property. While we may be able to alert you to possible problems, our basic inspections
are no substitutes for specialized contaminant testing.
is a mineral fiber that can be positively identified only with a special type of microscope. There are several types of asbestos
fibers. In the past, asbestos was added to many products to strengthen them and provide fire resistance and heat insulation.
If disturbed, asbestos material may release asbestos fibers which can be inhaled into the lungs. Asbestos material that crumbles
easily if handled or which has been scraped, sawed, or sanded into a powder is more likely to create a health hazard. Breathing
high levels of asbestos fibers can lead to an increased risk of lung cancer, mesothelioma (cancer of lining of chest and abdominal
cavity), and asbestosis (lungs scarred with the tissue). Houses built between 1930 and 1950 may have asbestos insulation.
Most of today’s products do not contain asbestos. If asbestos material is more than slightly damaged or you plan changes
that might disturb it, you require a professional for repair and removal. Before home remodeling, find out if asbestos is
Excerpts from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency “Asbestos and Vermiculite”.
Lead is a highly toxic metal used for many years in products in and around homes. Lead’s adverse health effects range
from behavioral problems and learning disabilities to seizures and death. Because their bodies are growing quickly, children
age 6 and under are at greatest risk. Primary sources of lead exposure for children are deteriorating lead-based paint, lead-contaminated
dust, and lead-contaminated residential soil. Lead might be present in any home built up until the 1940s. Rarely found in
source water, lead can enter tap water through corrosion of plumbing materials. Homes built before 1986 are more likely to
have lead pipes, joints, and solder. New homes are also at risk: even legally “lead-free” pipes can contain up
to 8 percent lead and leave significant amounts of lead in the water for the first several months after installation. Since
the 1980s, EPA and its federal partners have banned or limited lead used in consumer products, including residential paint.
Federal regulations limiting the amount of lead in paint sold for residential use started in 1978. If your property was built
before 1978 or you are considering remodeling, renovating, or repair, you may wish to think about a lead inspection. Water
quality can be compromised by such other trace elements as iron, excess acidity, manganese, calcium, magnesium, mineral salts,
hydrogen sulfide, selenium, chromium, arsenic, mercury, and cadmium.
U.S. Department of Environmental Protection, “Lead in Paint, Dust, and Soil”.
Mold (fungi) is present everywhere, indoors and outdoors.
There are more than 100,000 species of mold, at least 1,000 of which are common in America. Species of Cladosporium, Penicillium,
and Aspergillus are some of the most commonly found species. Mold most likely grows in bathrooms, basements, and anywhere
else where there is dampness or water. Many types of mold routinely encountered aren’t hazardous to healthy individuals.
Too much exposure to mold may cause a worsening of such conditions as asthma, hay fever, or other allergies. Fevers and breathing
problems in a vulnerable individual are possible but unusual. When moldy material becomes damaged or disturbed, spores, which
are reproductive bodies similar to seeds, can be released into the air. Exposure can occur if people inhale the spores, directly
handle moldy material, or accidentally ingest the spores. Since all molds need water to grow, mold can grow almost anywhere
where there is high humidity, dampness, or water damage. Most often molds are confined to areas near the water source. Removing
the source of moisture through repairs or dehumidification is crucial in preventing mold growth. Correcting underlying water
damage and cleaning the affected area is the best way to treat mold. If mold contamination is extensive, a professional abatement
company may be needed.
Excerpts from The New York City Department of Health & Mental
Hygiene, Environmental & Occupational Disease Epidemiology, “Facts About Mold”.
Radon is a radioactive gaseous element produced in the disintegration of radium, a radioactive metallic element. It cannot
be detected by the senses and can be confirmed only by sophisticated instruments and laboratory tests. The gas enters a house
through pores and cracks in the concrete or through floorboards of poorly ventilated crawlspaces, especially when wet ground
allows the gas to escape easily through the soil and disperse in the atmosphere. Radon is a lung carcinogen: the National
Academy of Sciences estimates radon causes some 15,000 to 22,000 lung cancer deaths annually. The U.S. Surgeon General and
the EPA recommend all houses be tested for radon. Houses with high radon levels can be fixed.
Excerpts from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “Indoor Radon”.
Termites, which play a positive role in recycling wood
and plant material, become a problem when they consume structural lumber. Every year thousands of U.S. housing units require
termite treatment. These pests cause serious damage to wooden structures and posts and can also attack stored food, household
furniture, and books. Successful termite management requires special skills, including a working knowledge of building construction
and an understanding of termite biology and identification. In most cases, it is advisable to hire a professional pest control
company for the inspection and control problem.
Wood-boring beetle larvae
feed on wood and wood products. Adults of some species bore holes into plaster, plastic, and soft metals. Many species cause
problems when emerging from wood in newly constructed buildings because they leave small circular or oval exit holes in the
wood. To avoid these problems, infested wood must be kiln-fried before being used for lumber. The species Deathwatch Beetles
is primarily found in soft woods (girder, beams, foundation timbers, some types of furniture, with some species attacking
books). False Powderpost female beetles bore a tunnel, or egg gallery, into wood or other materials, and then deposit eggs
in pores or cracks within the tunnel. Adults of some species bore through such soft metal as lead and silver, as well as plaster
and other non-wood materials. Affected structural wood should be removed and replaced whenever possible.
Wood Wasps and Horntails. Wood wasp damage in buildings is likely to be more cosmetic than
structurally weakening. Emerging wood wasps can chew through any substance: wallboard or plaster walls, hardwood floors, carpeting,
linoleum, non-ceramic floor tiles, and other interior surfaces.
Carpenter Ants. Several species can damage wood in building and other structures. Though ants don’t eat wood, they bore into it to make
their nests, sometimes causing serious structural damage. Also, they nest in hollow doors, cracks and crevices, furniture,
wall voids, and termite galleries. New building infestation occurs when land-cleaning in the area disturbs existing native
Excerpts from University of California Agriculture & Natural Resources,
UCIPMOnline, “Statewide Pest Management Program”.