Lead Frequently Asked Questions
Why is lead in some homes?
is a highly toxic metal that was used for many years in products found in and around our homes. In general, the older a home,
the more likely it has lead-based paint.
The most common sources of household lead are:
Can lead cause
- Paint- The federal government
banned lead-based paint from housing in 1978, but homes built before this time may have used lead paint.
- Dust- Household dust can be contaminated with
lead from paint, as can the soil around a house whose exterior was painted with lead paint.
- Drinking water- Your home might have plumbing
with lead or lead solder.
If not detected early, children with high levels of lead in their bodies can suffer from
damage to the brain and nervous system,
behavior and learning problems, slowed growth, hearing problems and headaches.
Lead is also harmful to adults. Adults can suffer from difficulties during pregnancy, high blood pressure, digestive
problems, nerve disorders, memory and concentration problems, and muscle and joint pain.
What should I do
You can temporarily reduce lead hazards by taking actions such as repairing damaged
painted surfaces and planting grass to cover soil with high lead levels. These actions are not permanent solutions and will
need ongoing attention.
To permanently remove lead hazards, you must hire a certified lead abatement contractor.
Abatement methods include removing, sealing, or enclosing lead-based paint with special materials.
do the cleanup?
Always hire a person with special training for correcting lead problems -- someone who knows
how to do this work safely and has the proper equipment to clean up thoroughly. Certified contractors will employ qualified
workers and follow strict safety rules set by their state or the federal government. Contact the National Lead Information Center for help with locating certified contractors in your area and to see if financial assistance is available.
more information, see the EPA's Lead Information Resources.
The above information is provided as a public service by the Environmental Protection Agency for educational